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Controlled Self-Assembly Triggered by Olefin Metathesis:  Cross-Linked Graphitic Nanotubes from an Amphiphilic Hexa-peri-hexabenzocoronene

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journal contribution
posted on 15.06.2005, 00:00 by Wusong Jin, Takanori Fukushima, Atsuko Kosaka, Makiko Niki, Noriyuki Ishii, Takuzo Aida
Acyclic diene metathesis (ADMET) in CH2Cl2 of a Gemini-shaped nonionic hexabenzocoronene amphiphile (2), bearing triethylene glycol chains with terminal allylic functionalities, resulted in spontaneous formation of graphitic nanotubes with a cross-linked surface. Without ADMET, 2 did not self-assemble to form a tubular structure due to a high solubility in CH2Cl2. Although 2 formed nanotubes in THF, ADMET on the surface of the preformed nanotubes in THF proceeded only sluggishly and resulted in partial disruption of the tubular structure. The cross-linked nanotubes showed a softening temperature (244 °C) higher than that of the uncross-linked version (195 °C) and preserved their hollow structure much longer upon heating.