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Controlled Fabrication of Iron Oxide/Mesoporous Silica Core–Shell Nanostructures

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journal contribution
posted on 18.02.2016, 15:08 by Mingwei Zhang, Kegong Fang, Minggui Lin, Bo Hou, Liangshu Zhong, Yan Zhu, Wei Wei, Yuhan Sun
A simple and reproducible method for the preparation of well-defined iron oxide/mesoporous silica core–shell nanostructure is provided. Iron oxide nanocubes with a narrow size distribution were synthesized through a novel ethanol/acetic acid system using Fe­(NO3)·9H2O as an iron source and polyvinylpyrrolidone as a capping agent under mild solvothermal conditions (200 °C). These monodisperse nanoparticles were used directly as the core for the deposition of a mesoporous silica shell via a sol–gel process, resulting in uniform core–shell Fe2O3@SiO2 composites with tailored silica shell thickness and controllable core morphology. In addition, composition as well as magnetization of the reduced core–shell composites could easily be controlled by a reduction process. Furthermore, the iron oxide core in Fe2O3@SiO2 could be completely etched to produce hollow SiO2 nanospheres. The mechanism of formation of the core–shell structure was also proposed by the aid of IR spectrum analysis.