Control of Polymorphisms and Functions in All-Inorganic Ionic Crystals Based on Polyaluminum Hydroxide and Polyoxometalates
journal contributionposted on 2016-08-09, 00:00 authored by Kosuke Mizuno, Takuto Mura, Sayaka Uchida
Two kinds of polymorphs of all-inorganic ionic crystals were obtained by the combination of oppositely charged molecular ions (macroions) with Td symmetry, Keggin-type polyaluminum hydroxide [ε-Al13O4(OH)24(H2O)12]7+ (Al13) and polyoxometalates (POMs) [α-CoW12O40]6– (POM6), [α-1,2,3-SiVV3W9O40]7– (POM7), or [α-1,2,3-SiVIVVV2W9O40]8– (POM8) in aqueous solutions. The needle-type crystals were grown by dissolution-recrystallization of the precipitates, which formed immediately by combining Al13 and POMs. On the other hand, the plate-type crystals were grown by adding inorganic salts (e.g., NaCl) into the aqueous solution containing the needle-type crystals: Dissolution of the needle-type crystals occurred followed by precipitation of the plate-type crystals, which is the more insoluble and stable polymorph with larger numbers of hydrogen bonds between the constituent ions. The plate-type crystals possess one-dimensional channels with large apertures (ca. 12 Å × 6 Å) and showed high activities as heterogeneous solid acid catalysts in pinacol rearrangement.