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Constructive Optimization of a Multienzymatic Film Based on a Cascade Reaction for Electrochemical Biosensors

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journal contribution
posted on 08.12.2020, 17:38 by Kai Sasaki, Hiroyuki Furusawa, Kuniaki Nagamine, Shizuo Tokito
The application of a multienzyme cascade reaction in electrochemical biosensors has the advantage of expanding the target substrates in addition to selectivity combining multiple enzymes on an electrode. However, the multienzyme system has the drawback of inefficient substance conversion because of the time-consuming passing of intermediates between the enzymes and/or diffusional loss of the intermediates. In this study, the optimal construction of a multienzymatic film in an ammonia detection sensor was investigated using a cascade reaction of l-glutamate oxidase and l-glutamate dehydrogenase as a model sensor. Three enzymatic films were prepared: (1) a mixed film designed to have a short diffusional distance between closely located enzymes, (2) a normal-sequential layered film arranged for the correct reaction pathway, and (3) a reverse-sequential layered film as a negative control. This was followed by comparison of the conversion efficiency of ammonia to hydrogen peroxide using time-dependent potentiometric measurements of a Prussian blue electrode determining the hydrogen peroxide amount. The results indicate that the conversion efficiency of the normal-sequential layered film was the highest among the three enzymatic films. The quantitative evaluation of the intermediate conversion efficiency of the cascade reaction showed that compared to the mixed film (34%), a higher conversion efficiency of 92% was obtained in the first enzymatic reaction step. These findings will promote the use of multienzymatic cascade reaction systems not only in biosensors and bioreactors but also in various industrial fields.