Construction of a cis-Cyclopropane via Reductive Radical Decarboxylation. Enantioselective Synthesis of cis- and trans-1-Arylpiperazyl-2-phenylcyclopropanes Designed as Antidopaminergic Agents
journal contributionposted on 28.11.2003, 00:00 by Kazuya Yamaguchi, Yuji Kazuta, Hiroshi Abe, Akira Matsuda, Satoshi Shuto
(1S,2S)-, (1S,2R)-, and (1R,2S)-1-(2,4-Dimethylphenyl)piperazyl-2-phenylcyclopropane (2a, 3, and ent-3, respectively), which were designed as conformationally restricted analogues of haloperidol (1), a clinically effective antipsychotic agent, were synthesized from chiral epichlorohydrins using the Barton reductive radical decarboxylation as the key step. (1S,2R)-1-(tert-Butyldiphenylsilyloxy)methyl-2-carboxy-2-phenylcyclopropane (5), which was prepared from (S)-epichlorohydrin ((S)-7), was converted into its N-hydroxypyridine-2-thione ester 12, the substrate for the reductive radical decarboxylation. When 12 was treated with TMS3SiH in the presence of Et3B or AIBN, the decarboxylation and subsequent hydride attack on the cyclopropyl radical intermediate from the side opposite to the bulky silyloxymethyl moiety occurred, resulting in selective formation of the corresponding reductive decarboxylation product 4-cis with the cis-cyclopropane structure. From 4-cis, the cis-cyclopropane-type target compound 3 was readily synthesized. Starting from (R)-epichlorohydrin ((R)-7), ent-3 was similarly synthesized. Epimerization of the cyclopropanecarboxamide ent-16-cis, a synthetic intermediate for ent-3, on treatment with a base prepared from Bu2Mg and i-Pr2NH in THF occurred effectively to give the corresponding trans isomer 16-trans, which was converted into 2a with the trans-cyclopropane structure.