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Conjugated Metallopolymers for Fluorescent Turn-On Detection of Nitric Oxide

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journal contribution
posted on 13.11.2006, 00:00 by Rhett C. Smith, Andrew G. Tennyson, Annie C. Won, Stephen J. Lippard
A series of eight π-conjugated polymers (CPs) composed of phenylenevinylene, phenyleneethynylene, fluorene, and thiophene derivatives have been prepared with bipyridyl or terpyridyl substituents within the π-conjugated backbone or at side-chain positions. These ligand-modified CPs serve as macromolecular scaffolds for conducting metallopolymers. The optical and photoluminescent properties of the polymers and corresponding copper(II) metallopolymers were investigated. Copper(II) is a highly efficient quencher of CP emission (75−100% quenching). CPs featuring bipyridyl units within the CP backbone are quenched more efficiently than those with terpyridyl units. The copper(II) metallopolymer undergoes reduction to the corresponding copper(I) species upon reaction with nitric oxide, with concomitant changes in integrated emission ranging from a 50% decrease to a 320% increase. The positive emission response is largest when Cu(II) was bound to the CP through bipyridyl units within the backbone, making these materials the best candidates for NO sensing by a turn-on emission mechanism.