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Conjugate Addition Reactions Mediated by Samarium(II) Iodide

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journal contribution
posted on 17.10.1997, 00:00 by Gary A. Molander, Christina R. Harris
Samarium(II) iodide in conjunction with a catalytic low-valent transition metal species has been employed to promote the conjugate addition reaction of primary and secondary alkyl halides onto α,β-unsaturated esters and amides. The method has been determined to be quite general and hence has been extended to the cyclization reactions of alkyl halides onto α,β-unsaturated lactones, lactams, and nitriles. The cyclization reactions described herein provide a very general approach to the synthesis of functionalized carbocycles from simple acyclic precursors with excellent diastereoselectivity and under very mild reaction conditions.