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Conformational Selection in Anion Recognition: cGMP-Selective Binding by a Naphthalimide-Functionalized Amido-Amine Macrocycle

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journal contribution
posted on 22.05.2019, 00:00 by Aleksandr S. Oshchepkov, Tatiana A. Shumilova, Mario Zerson, Robert Magerle, Victor N. Khrustalev, Evgeny A. Kataev
Amido-amine macrocycles with two and four naphthalimide dyes were designed to bind nucleoside monophosphates and oligonucleotides in an aqueous buffered solution. Anion-templated synthesis was used to direct the macrocyclization reaction to the [2+2] product, while high dilution conditions favored the formation of the [4+4] macrocycle with an unprecedented geometry, as revealed from the X-ray analysis. The [2+2] product was found to exhibit a remarkable binding strength and fluorescence response for cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) in an aqueous solution. To our knowledge, this is the first synthetic receptor for cGMP, which also demonstrates a high preference to bind guanine-rich sequences accomplished by a strong fluorescence quenching. The receptor conformation is very sensitive to the guest structure in an aqueous solution, thus modeling the adaptive behavior of proteins. The study of synthetic systems with a detectable conformational equilibrium represents a great potential for understanding highly specific and tightly regulated interactions in biological systems.