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Conformational Changes of Fibrinogen after Adsorption

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journal contribution
posted on 24.11.2005, 00:00 by Matthew L. Clarke, Jie Wang, Zhan Chen
The adsorption behavior of fibrinogen to two biomedical polyurethanes and a perfluorinated polymer has been investigated. Changes in the secondary structure of adsorbed fibrinogen were monitored using attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) and sum frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy (SFG). SFG measurements were performed in the amide I range as well as in the C−H/N−H stretching range. Amide I signals from SFG demonstrate that fibrinogen has post-adsorption conformational changes that are dependent upon the polymer surface properties. For example, strong attenuation of the amide I and N−H stretching signals with increasing residence time was observed for fibrinogen adsorbed to poly(ether urethane) but not for the other two polymers. This change is not readily observed by ATR-FTIR. Differences in the observed spectral changes for fibrinogen adsorbed to each polymer are explained by different initial binding mechanisms and post-adsorption conformational changes.