Conformational Behavior of Norephedrine, Ephedrine, and Pseudoephedrine
journal contributionposted on 01.04.2009, 00:00 by José L. Alonso, M. Eugenia Sanz, Juan C. López, Vanessa Cortijo
A conclusive identification of the different conformers of the neurotransmitters ephedrine, norephedrine, and pseudoephedrine has been carried out in the gas-phase by molecular beam Fourier transform microwave (MB-FTMW) spectroscopy. Three conformers of norephedrine, three conformers of ephedrine, and four conformers of pseudoephedrine have been unequivocally assigned through the analysis of their rotational spectra and the comparison of the experimental rotational and 14N quadrupole coupling constants with those calculated ab initio. The conformational preferences have been rationalized in terms of the various intramolecular forces at play. The main stabilizing interaction is an O−H···N hydrogen bond established in the side chain of the neurotransmitters which adopt an extended disposition in their most stable form.