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Computational Studies on the Reactivity of Substituted 1,2-Dihydro-1,2-azaborines

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journal contribution
posted on 21.08.2009, 00:00 authored by Pedro J. Silva, Maria João Ramos
We have investigated important intermediates of electrophilic aromatic substitution reactions and one-electron oxidation of substituted 1,2-dihydro-1,2-azaborines with density-functional theory. The results show that electrophilic substitution reactions and one-electron oxidation of substituted 1,2-azaborines are generally much more favorable than those of the corresponding benzene derivatives. Both chlorination and nitration of several boron-unsubstituted 1,2-azaborines are expected to break the boron−hydrogen bond, yielding boron-chlorinated 1,2-azaborines and a novel class of boron-bound 1,2-azaborinyl nitrites, respectively. Comparison between the relative stabilities of C3-bound and C5-bound Wheland intermediates of different electrophilic substitution reactions of 1,2-azaborines further suggests that the preference of the C3- over C5-substitution decreases with decreasing electrophilicity of the attacking group.