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Composition‑, Size‑, and Surface Functionalization-Dependent Optical Properties of Lead Bromide Perovskite Nanocrystals

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journal contribution
posted on 02.03.2020, 21:29 by Palvasha Ijaz, Muhammad Imran, Márcio M. Soares, Hélio C. N. Tolentino, Beatriz Martín-García, Cinzia Giannini, Iwan Moreels, Liberato Manna, Roman Krahne
The photoluminescence (PL), color purity, and stability of lead halide perovskite nanocrystals depend critically on surface passivation. We present a study on the temperature-dependent PL and PL decay dynamics of lead bromide perovskite nanocrystals characterized by different types of A cations, surface ligands, and nanocrystal sizes. Throughout, we observe a single emission peak from cryogenic to ambient temperature. The PL decay dynamics are dominated by surface passivation, and a postsynthesis ligand exchange with a quaternary ammonium bromide (QAB) results in more stable passivation over a larger temperature range. The PL intensity is highest from 50 to 250 K, which indicates that ligand binding competes with the thermal energy at ambient temperature. Despite the favorable PL dynamics of nanocrystals passivated with QAB ligands (monoexponential PL decay over a large temperature range, increased PL intensity and stability), surface passivation still needs to be improved to achieve maximum emission intensity in nanocrystal films.