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Composition-Dependent Aspect Ratio and Photoconductivity of Ternary (BixSb1–x)2S3 Nanorods

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journal contribution
posted on 31.01.2018, 00:00 by Junli Wang, Hongsong Yu, Tingting Wang, Yajie Qiao, Ying Feng, Kangmin Chen
The chemical composition, size and shape, and surface engineering play key roles in the performance of electronic, optoelectronic, and energy devices. V2VI3 (V = Sb, Bi; VI = S, Se) group materials are actively studied in these fields. In this paper, we introduce a colloidal method to synthesize uniform ternary (BixSb1–x)2S3 (0 < x < 1) nanorods. These nanorods show composition-dependent aspect ratios, enabling their composition, size, and shape control by varying Bi/Sb precursor ratios. It is found that the surface passivation by various thiols (L–SH) efficiently enhances the photoconductivity and optical responsive capability of (BixSb1–x)2S3 nanorods when used as active materials in indium tin oxide (ITO)/(BixSb1–x)2S3/ITO optoelectronic devices. Meanwhile, the increase of Sb content causes a gradual deterioration of photoconductivity of thiol-passivated nanorods. We propose that the thiol passivation is able to reduce the number of S vacancies, which act as the recombination centers (trapped states) for photogenerated electrons and holes, and thus boosts the carrier transport in (BixSb1–x)2S3 nanorods, and in particular that the composition-related conductivity deterioration is attributed to the increase of unpassivated S vacancies and surface oxidation due to the rise of Sb content.