American Chemical Society
ic8b02630_si_001.pdf (1.16 MB)

Complexation of Ammonia Boranes with Al3+

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journal contribution
posted on 2019-04-02, 00:00 authored by Iurii Dovgaliuk, Kasper T. Møller, Koen Robeyns, Véronique Louppe, Torben R. Jensen, Yaroslav Filinchuk
Ammonia borane, NH3BH3 (AB), is very attractive for hydrogen storage; however, it dehydrogenates exothermally, producing a mixture of polymeric products with limited potential for direct rehydrogenation. Recently, it was shown that AB complexed with Al3+ in Al­(BH4)3·AB endothermically dehydrogenates to a single product identified as Al­(BH4)3·NHBH, with the potential for direct rehydrogenation of AB. Here we explore the reactivity of AB-derived RNH2BH3 (R = −CH3, −CH2−) with AlX3 salts (X = BH4, Cl), aiming to extend the series to different anions and to enlarge the stability window for Al­(BH4)3·NRBH. Three novel complexes were identified: Al­(BH4)3·CH3NH2BH3 having a molecular structure similar to that of Al­(BH4)3·AB but different dehydrogenation properties, as well as [Al­(CH3NH2BH3)2Cl2]­[AlCl4] and [Al­(NH2CH2CH2NH2)­(BH4)2]­[Al­(BH4)4], rare examples of Al3+ making part of the cations and anions simultaneously. The latter compounds are of interest in the design of novel electrolytes for Al-based batteries. The coordination of two ABs to a single Al atom opens a route to materials with higher hydrogen content.