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Complex Formation and Aggregate Transitions of Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate with an Oligomeric Connecting Molecule in Aqueous Solution

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journal contribution
posted on 01.10.2013, 00:00 by Linyi Zhu, Yuchun Han, Maozhang Tian, Yilin Wang
Anionic single-tail surfactant sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) and a molecule with multiple amido and amine groups (Lys-12-Lys) were used as building blocks to fabricate oligomeric surfactants through intermolecular interactions. Their interactions and the resultant complex and aggregate structures were investigated by turbidity titration, isothermal titration microcalorimetry, dynamic light scattering, cryogenic transmission electron microscopy, freeze-fracture transmission electron microscopy, 1H NMR, and 1D NOE techniques. At pH 11.0, the interaction between SDS and Lys-12-Lys is exothermic and mainly resulted from hydrogen bonding among the amido and amine groups of Lys-12-Lys and the sulfate group of SDS and hydrophobic interaction between the hydrocarbon chains of SDS and Lys-12-Lys. At pH 3.0, each Lys-12-Lys carries four positive charges and two hydrogen bonding sites. Then SDS and Lys-12-Lys form complexes Lys-12-Lys­(SDS)6 and Lys-12-Lys­(SDS)4 through the head groups by electrostatic attraction and hydrogen bonds assisted by hydrophobic interaction. Moreover, the complexes pack more tightly in their aggregates with the increase of the molar ratio. Especially the Lys-12-Lys­(SDS)4 and Lys-12-Lys­(SDS)6 complexes behave like oligomeric surfactants taking Lys-12-Lys as a spacer group, exhibiting a series of aggregates transitions with the increase of concentration, i.e., larger vesicles, smaller spherical micelles, and long threadlike micelles. Therefore, oligomeric surfactants Lys-12-Lys­(SDS)4 and Lys-12-Lys­(SDS)6 have been successfully fabricated by using a single chain surfactant and an oligomeric connecting molecule through noncovalent association.