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Complete Lipopolysaccharide of Plesiomonas shigelloides O74:H5 (Strain CNCTC 144/92). 2. Lipid A, Its Structural Variability, the Linkage to the Core Oligosaccharide, and the Biological Activity of the Lipopolysaccharide,

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journal contribution
posted on 05.09.2006, 00:00 by Jolanta Lukasiewicz, Monika Dzieciatkowska, Tomasz Niedziela, Wojciech Jachymek, Anna Augustyniuk, Lennart Kenne, Czeslaw Lugowski
Plesiomonas shigelloides is a Gram-negative bacterium associated with waterborne infections, which is common in tropical and subtropical habitats. Contrary to the unified antigenic classification of P. shigelloides, data concerning the structure and activity of their lipopolysaccharides (LPS and endotoxin) are limited. This study completes the structural investigation of phenol- and water-soluble fractions of P. shigelloides O74 (strain CNCTC 144/92) LPS with the emphasis on lipid A heterogeneity, describing the entire molecule and some of its biological in vitro activities. Structures of the lipid A and the affinity-purified decasaccharide obtained by de-N,O-acylation of P. shigelloides O74 LPS were elucidated by chemical analysis combined with electrospray ionization multiple-stage mass spectrometry (ESI-MSn), MALDI-TOF MS, and NMR spectroscopy. Lipid A of P. shigelloides O74 is heterogeneous, and three major forms have been identified. They all were asymmetric, phosphorylated, and hexaacylated, showing different acylation patterns. The β-GlcpN4P-(1→6)-α-GlcpN1P disaccharide was substituted with the primary fatty acids:  (R)-3-hydroxytetradecanoic acid [14:0(3-OH)] at N-2 and N-2‘ and (R)-3-hydroxydodecanoic acid [12:0(3-OH)] at O-3 and O-3‘. The heterogeneity among the three forms (I−III) of P. shigelloides O74 lipid A was attributed to the substitution of the acyl residues at N-2‘ and O-3‘ with the secondary acyls:  (I) cis-9-hexadecenoic acid (9c-16:1) at N-2‘ and 12:0 at O-3‘, (II) 14:0 at N-2‘ and 12:0 at O-3‘, and (III) 12:0 at N-2‘ and 12:0 at O-3‘. The pro-inflammatory cytokine-inducing activities of P. shigelloides O74 LPS were similar to those of Escherichia coli O55 LPS.