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Comparison of the Structural Characteristics of Cellulolytic Enzyme Lignin Preparations Isolated from Wheat Straw Stem and Leaf

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journal contribution
posted on 02.11.2016, 00:00 by Bo Jiang, Tingyue Cao, Feng Gu, Wenjuan Wu, Yongcan Jin
Lignin structure has been considered to be an important factor that significantly influences the biorefinery processes. In this work, the effect of ball milling on the structural components and extractable lignin in enzymatic residues was evaluated, and the structural characteristics of the cellulolytic enzyme lignin preparations isolated from wheat straw stem (SCEL) and leaf (LCEL) were comparatively investigated by a combination of nitrobenzene oxidation (NBO), ozonation, infrared spectroscopy, and 1H–13C heteronuclear single quantum coherence nuclear magnetic resonance (2D HSQC NMR). The results showed that 4 h ball-milled samples were good enough for structural analysis with high lignin yield. Both CELs are typical p-hydroxyphenyl-guaiacyl-syringyl lignins which are associated with p-coumarates and ferulates. However, the structure of lignin in wheat straw stem is rather different from that in leaf. Compared to stem lignin, leaf lignin has lower product yields of NBO and ozonation, lower erythro/threo ratio, and higher condensation degree. The analysis of 2D HSQC NMR indicated that the S/G ratio of SCEL was 0.8, which is about twice as much as that of LCEL. The flavone tricin is incorporated into both stem and leaf lignins. The content of tricin in LCEL is higher than that in SCEL.