Comparison of Excited-State Energy Transfer in Arrays of Hydroporphyrins (Chlorins, Oxochlorins) versus Porphyrins: Rates, Mechanisms, and Design Criteria
journal contributionposted on 10.10.2003, 00:00 by Masahiko Taniguchi, Doyoung Ra, Christine Kirmaier, Eve Hindin, Jennifer K. Schwartz, James R. Diers, Robert S. Knox, David F. Bocian, Jonathan S. Lindsey, Dewey Holten
A set of chlorin−chlorin and oxochlorin−oxochlorin dyads has been prepared with components in the same or different metalation states. In each case a 4,4‘-diphenylethyne linker spans the respective 10-position of each macrocycle. The dyads have been studied using static and time-resolved absorption and emission spectroscopy, resonance Raman spectroscopy, and electrochemical techniques. Excited-state energy transfer from a zinc chlorin to a free-base (Fb) chlorin occurs with a rate constant of (110 ps)-1 and an efficiency of 93%; similar values of (140 ps)-1 and 83% are found for the corresponding oxochlorin dyad. Energy transfer in both dyads is slower and less efficient than found previously for the analogous porphyrin dyad, which displays a rate of (24 ps)-1 and a yield of 99%. The slower rates and diminished efficiencies in the ZnFb chlorin and oxochlorin dyads versus the ZnFb porphyrin dyad are attributed to substantially weaker linker-mediated through-bond (TB) electron-exchange coupling (as indicated by resonance Raman data). Although the through-space (TS, i.e., dipole−dipole) coupling in the ZnFb-chlorin and -oxochlorin dyads is enhanced relative to the ZnFb porphyrin dyad (as indicated by Förster calculations), this enhancement is insufficient to compensate for the greatly diminished TB coupling. Taken together, the chlorin and oxochlorin dyads examined herein serve as benchmarks for elucidating the energy-transfer, electrochemical, and other properties of light-harvesting arrays containing multiple chlorins or oxochlorins.