American Chemical Society
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Compact SQUID Realized in a Double-Layer Graphene Heterostructure

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-09-02, 00:29 authored by David I. Indolese, Paritosh Karnatak, Artem Kononov, Raphaëlle Delagrange, Roy Haller, Lujun Wang, Péter Makk, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Christian Schönenberger
2D systems that host 1D helical states are advantageous from the perspective of scalable topological quantum computation when coupled to a superconductor. Graphene is particularly promising for its high electronic quality, its versatility in van der Waals heterostructures, and its electron- and hole-like degenerate 0th Landau level. Here we study a compact double-layer graphene SQUID (superconducting quantum interference device), where the superconducting loop is reduced to the superconducting contacts connecting two parallel graphene Josephson junctions. Despite the small size of the SQUID, it is fully tunable by the independent gate control of the chemical potentials in both layers. Furthermore, both Josephson junctions show a skewed current-phase relationship, indicating the presence of superconducting modes with high transparency. In the quantum Hall regime, we measure a well-defined conductance plateau of 2e2/h indicative of counter-propagating edge channels in the two layers.