mp2c00051_si_001.pdf (567.33 kB)
Download file

Combined Probe Strategy to Increase the Enzymatic Digestion Rate and Accelerate the Renal Radioactivity Clearance of Peptide Radiotracers

Download (567.33 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 31.03.2022, 13:13 authored by Mingru Zhang, Jiajun Ye, Zhaojuan Xie, Yirong Wang, Wenhui Ma, Fei Kang, Weidong Yang, Jing Wang, Xiaoyuan Chen
High and sustained renal radioactivity accumulation is a major challenge in peptide-based radionuclide imaging and therapy. However, neutral endopeptidase (NEP)-based enzymatic hydrolysis to release and excrete the radioactive fragments has been proven to be an effective and promising way to reduce renal accumulation. Despite the improvement, the effect is still far from being satisfactory. To further reduce kidney uptake, we studied the relationship between the enzymatic reaction rate and the substrate concentration and came up with a combined probe strategy. Model compounds Boc-MVK-Dde and Boc-MFK-Dde were used for an in vitro enzymatic digestion study. NOTA-Exendin 4 and NOTA-MVK-Exendin 4 were labeled with 64Cu for in vivo dose-dependent micro-positron emission tomography (PET) studies. Groups 1 and 2 were injected with 0.2 and 0.8 nmol of 64Cu-NOTA-Exendin 4, respectively. Groups 3–6 were injected with 0.2, 0.8, 1.0, and 1.4 nmol of 64Cu-NOTA-MVK-Exendin 4, respectively. Groups 7 and 8 were co-injected with 0.2 nmol of 64Cu-NOTA-MVK-Exendin 4 and NOTA-MVK-PEG5K (1.3 and 2.6 nmol). The radioactivity uptakes were determined and compared within and among the groups. The in vitro cleavage study for both Boc-MVK-Dde and Boc-MFK-Dde indicated that within a certain concentration range, the enzyme digestion rate increased with increasing substrate concentration. The microPET images showed that the renal clearance could be accelerated significantly by increasing the injection dose of 64Cu-NOTA-MVK-Exendin 4, with the kidney uptakes being 60.98, 43.01, and 16.10 % ID/g at 1 h for groups 3, 4 and 5, respectively. Unfortunately, the tumor uptakes were also significantly inhibited as the injected dose of the tracer increased. However, with the co-injection of NOTA-MVK-PEG5K, the renal accumulation was significantly decreased without hampering the tumor uptake. As a result, the tumor-to-kidney ratios were significantly improved, which were 1.93, 3.47, 1.74, and 3.38 times that of group 3 at 1, 4, 24, and 48 h, respectively. The enzymatic reaction rate of NEP is dependent on the concentration of the substrates both in vitro and in vivo. The combined probe strategy developed in this study can dramatically reduce the renal accumulation of a peptide radioligand without affecting the tumor uptake, which shows great potential in peptide-based radiotheranostics.