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Combined Plasma and Tissue Proteomic Study of Atherogenic Model Mouse: Approach To Elucidate Molecular Determinants in Atherosclerosis Development

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posted on 02.10.2015, 00:00 by Hiroko Hanzawa, Takeshi Sakamoto, Akihito Kaneko, Naomi Manri, Yan Zhao, Songji Zhao, Nagara Tamaki, Yuji Kuge
Atherogenic cardiovascular diseases are the major cause of mortality. Prevention and prediction of incidents is important; however, biomarkers that directly reflect the disease progression remain poorly investigated. To elucidate molecular determinants of atherogenesis, proteomic approaches are advantageous by using model animals for comparing changes occurring systematically (bloodstream) and locally (lesion) in accordance with the disease progression stages. We conducted differential mass spectrometric analysis between apolipoprotein E deficient (apoED) and wild-type (wt) mice using the plasma and arterial tissue of both types of mice obtained at four pathognomonic time points of the disease. A total of 100 proteins in the plasma and 390 in the arterial tissues were continuously detected throughout the four time points; 29 were identified in common. Of those, 13 proteins in the plasma and 36 in the arterial tissues showed significant difference in abundance between the apoED and wt mice at certain time points. Importantly, we found that quantitative variation patterns regarding the pathognomonic time points did not always correspond between the plasma and arterial tissues, resulting in gaining insight into atherosclerotic plaque progression. These characteristic proteins were found to be components of inflammation, thrombus formation, and vascular remodeling, suggesting drastic and integrative alteration in accordance with atherosclerosis development.

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