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Combined Crossed Molecular Beam and Ab Initio Investigation of the Reaction of Boron Monoxide (BO; X2Σ+) with 1,3-Butadiene (CH2CHCHCH2; X1Ag) and Its Deuterated Counterparts

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journal contribution
posted on 19.02.2015, 00:00 by Surajit Maity, Beni B. Dangi, Dorian S. N. Parker, Ralf. I. Kaiser, Hong-Mao Lin, Hai-Ping E, Bing-Jian Sun, A. H. H. Chang
The reactions of the boron monoxide (11BO; X2Σ+) radical with 1,3-butadiene (CH2CHCHCH2; X1Ag) and its partially deuterated counterparts, 1,3-butadiene-d2 (CH2CDCDCH2; X1Ag) and 1,3-butadiene-d4 (CD2CHCHCD2; X1Ag), were investigated under single collision conditions exploiting a crossed molecular beams machine. The experimental data were combined with the state-of-the-art ab initio electronic structure calculations and statistical RRKM calculations to investigate the underlying chemical reaction dynamics and reaction mechanisms computationally. Our investigations revealed that the reaction followed indirect scattering dynamics through the formation of 11BOC4H6 doublet radical intermediates via the barrierless addition of the 11BO radical to the terminal carbon atom (C1/C4) and/or the central carbon atom (C2/C3) of 1,3-butadiene. The resulting long-lived 11BOC4H6 intermediate(s) underwent isomerization and/or unimolecular decomposition involving eventually at least two distinct atomic hydrogen loss pathways to 1,3-butadienyl-1-oxoboranes (CH2CHCHCH11BO) and 1,3-butadienyl-2-oxoboranes (CH2C (11BO)­CHCH2) in overall exoergic reactions via tight exit transition states. Utilizing partially deuterated 1,3-butadiene-d2 and -d4, we revealed that the hydrogen loss from the methylene moiety (CH2) dominated with 70 ± 10% compared to an atomic hydrogen loss from the methylidyne group (CH) of only 30 ± 10%; these data agree nicely with the theoretically predicted branching ratio of 80% versus 19%.