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Combinatorial Exploration of the Structural Landscape of Acid–Pyridine Cocrystals

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journal contribution
posted on 17.12.2015, 04:12 by Arijit Mukherjee, Gautam R. Desiraju
The structural landscape of acid–pyridine cocrystals is explored by adopting a combinatorial matrix method with 4-substituted benzoic acids and 4-substituted pyridines. The choice of the system restricts the primary synthon to the robust acid–pyridine entity. This methodology accordingly provides hints toward the formation of secondary synthons. The pKa rule is validated in the landscape by taking all components of the matrix together and exploring it as a whole. Along with the global features, the exploration of landscapes reveals some local features. Apart from the identification of secondary synthons, it also sheds light on the propensity of hydration in cocrystals, synthon competition, and certain topological similarities. The method described here combines two approaches, namely, database analysis and high throughput crystallography, to extract more information with minimal extra experimental effort.