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Combination Multinitrogen with Good Oxygen Balance: Molecule and Synthesis Design of Polynitro-Substituted Tetrazolotriazine-Based Energetic Compounds

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journal contribution
posted on 05.06.2015, 00:00 by Piao He, Jian-Guo Zhang, Kun Wang, Xin Yin, Tong-Lai Zhang
We investigated 5,8-dinitro-5,6,7,8-tetrahydrotetrazolo­[1,5-b]­[1,2,4]­triazine (short for DNTzTr (1)) using various ab initio quantum chemistry methods. We proposed an additional three novel polynitro-substituted tetrazolotriazine-based compounds with exceptional performance, including 5,8-dinitro-5,6-dioxotetrazolo­[1,5-b]­[1,2,4]­triazine, DNOTzTr (2), 4,5,9,10-tetranitro­[1,2,4,5]­tetrazolo­[3,4-b]­[1,2,4,5]­tetrazolo­[3′,4′:5,6]­triazino­[2,3-e]­triazine, TNTzTr (3), and 4,5,6,10,11,12-hexanitro-bis­[1,2,4,5]­tetrazolo­[3′,4′:5,6]­triazino­[2,3-b:2′,3′-e]­triazine, HNBTzTr (4). The optimized structure, electronic density, natural bond orbital (NBO) charges and HOMO–LUMO orbitals, electrostatic potential on surface of molecule, IR- and NMR-predicted spectra, as well as thermochemical parameters were calculated with the B3LYP/6-311+G­(2d) level of theory. Critical parameters such as density, enthalpy of formation (EOF), and detonation performance have also been predicted. Characters with positive EOF (1386.00 and 1625.31 kJ/mol), high density (over 2.00 g/cm3), outstanding detonation properties (D = 9.82 km/s, P = 45.45 GPa; D = 9.94 km/s, P = 47.30 GPa), the perfect oxygen balance set to zero, and acceptable impact sensitivity led novel compounds 3 and 4 to be very promising energetic materials. This work provides the theoretical molecule design and a reasonable synthesis path for further experimental synthesis and testing.