American Chemical Society
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Color Matrix Refractive Index Sensors Using Coupled Vertical Silicon Nanowire Arrays

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journal contribution
posted on 2012-08-08, 00:00 authored by M. Khorasaninejad, N. Abedzadeh, J. Walia, S. Patchett, S. S. Saini
Vivid colors are demonstrated in silicon nanowires with diameters ranging from 105 to 346 nm. The nanowires are vertically arranged in a square lattice with a pitch of 400 nm and are electromagnetically coupled to each other, resulting in frequency-dependent reflection spectra. Since the coupling is dependent on the refractive index of the medium surrounding the nanowires, the arrays can be used for sensing. A simple sensor is demonstrated by observing the change in the reflected color with changing refractive index of the surrounding medium. A refractive index resolution of 5 × 10–5 is achieved by analyzing bright-field images captured with an optical microscope equipped with a charge coupled device camera.