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Color-Tunable and Highly Luminous N3–-Doped Ba2–xCaxSiO4−δN2/3δ:Eu2+ (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 1.0) Phosphors for White NUV-LED

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journal contribution
posted on 20.06.2016, 00:00 by Donghyeon Kim, Jong-Seong Bae, Tae Eun Hong, Kwun Nam Hui, Sungyun Kim, Chang Hae Kim, Jung-Chul Park
In the search for well-defined phosphor materials for white NUV-LEDs, the highly enhanced luminous efficacy by N3– doping as well as color tunability via Ca substitution has been successfully obtained in Ba2–xCaxSiO4−δN2/3δ:Eu2+ (x = 0.0, 0.5, 0.8, 1.0) phosphors. With increasing Ca-substitution rate, the crystal structures of the phosphor materials are changed from the primitive orthorhombic structure to the hexagonal one, so that the CIE coordinates move from bluish-green (at Ca = 0.0), to blue (at Ca = 0.5), and finally to near white region (at Ca = 0.8 and 1.0) in these materials. In combination with the results from X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and infrared (IR) spectroscopy, the elemental distribution of the phosphor materials found from secondary-ion mass spectrometry (SIMS) directly indicates that the N3– ions are partially substituted for O2– ions into the crystal lattice of alkaline-earth orthosilicates and thus critically improves the color-tunable photoluminescence (PL) and electroluminescence (EL) efficiency of the phosphor materials for white NUV-LEDs. The newly found “the N3– doping and color-tunable effect” on large PL and EL enhancement may provide a platform in the discovery of new efficient phosphors for solid state lighting.