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Collagen-Based Organohydrogel Strain Sensor with Self-Healing and Adhesive Properties for Detecting Human Motion

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journal contribution
posted on 2023-02-24, 16:35 authored by Qiangjun Ling, Xin Fan, Meijun Ling, Jiachang Liu, Li Zhao, Haibin Gu
Conductive hydrogels are ideal for flexible sensors, but it is still a challenge to produce such hydrogels with combined toughness, self-adhesion, self-healing, anti-freezing, moisturizing, and biocompatibility properties. Herein, inspired by natural skin, a highly stretchable, strain-sensitive, and multi-environmental stable collagen-based conductive organohydrogel was constructed by using collagen (Col), acrylic acid, dialdehyde carboxymethyl cellulose, 1,3-propylene glycol, and AlCl3. The resulting organohydrogel exhibited excellent tensile (strain >800%), repeatable adhesion (>10 times), self-healing [self-healing efficiency (SHE) ≈ 100%], anti-freezing (−60 °C), moisturizing (>20 d), and biocompatible properties. This organohydrogel also possessed good electrical conductivity (σ = 3.4 S/m) and strain-sensitive properties [GF (gauge factor) = 13.65 with the maximal strain of 400%]. Notably, the organohydrogel had a considerable low-temperature self-healing performance (SHE = 88% at −24 °C) and rapid underwater self-healing property (SHE = 92%, self-healing time <20 min). This type of strain sensor could not only accurately and continuously monitor the large-scale motions of the human body but also provide an accurate response to the human tiny motions. This work not only proposes a development strategy for a multifunctional conductive organohydrogel with multiple environmental stability but also provides potential research value for the construction of biomimetic electronic skin.

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