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Cobalt Metal–Organic Frameworks Incorporating Redox-Active Tetrathiafulvalene Ligand: Structures and Effect of LLCT within the MOF on Photoelectrochemical Properties

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journal contribution
posted on 18.07.2020, 17:43 by Miao Jiang, Yi-Gang Weng, Zi-Yao Zhou, Chen-Yi Ge, Qin-Yu Zhu, Jie Dai
Understanding the effect of charge transfer on the physical properties of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) is essential for designing multifunctional MOF materials. In this work, three redox-active tetrathiafulvalene (TTF)-based MOFs, formulated as [Co6L6(bpe)6(EtOH)2(MeOH)2(H2O)]n·5nH2O (1), [Co53–OH)2L4(bpe)2]n (2), and [CoL­(bpa)­(H2O)]n·2nH2O (3) (L = dimethylthio-tetrathiafulvalene-bicarboxylate, bpe = 1,2-bis­(4-pyridyl)­ethene, bpa = 1,2-bis­(4-pyridyl)­ethane), are crystallographically characterized. Complexes 1 and 3 are two-dimensional (2D) coordination polymers, and 2 features an unusual three-dimensional (3D) MOF. The structure of 2 contains a cluster chain constructed from μ2-O bridged pentanuclear cluster subunits, which is first found for 3D MOFs. Complexes 1 and 2 are comprised of the same ligands L and bpe but with different multidimensional configuration, and complexes 1 and 3 have the same 2D layered structures with the same ligand L but with different conjugation ligand bpe/bpa, which provide a good comparison for the structure–property relationship. The charge-transfer (CT) interactions within MOF 1 are stronger than those of 2 due to the closer packing of electron donor (D) L and electron acceptor (A) bpe in 1, and no CT occurs within MOF 3 because of the unconjugated bpa. The order of photocurrent density is 1 > 23, which is in accordance with that of CT interactions. Further analysis reveals that the CT interactions within the MOF are not beneficial for the supercapacitance which is verified by the highest supercapacitance performance of 3. This work is the first study of the structures and CT effects on the supercapacitance performance.