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Cobalt Doping of the MOF-5 Framework and Its Effect on Gas-Adsorption Properties

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journal contribution
posted on 20.04.2010, 00:00 by Juan A. Botas, Guillermo Calleja, Manuel Sánchez-Sánchez, M. Gisela Orcajo
Partial isomorphic substitution of Zn in IRMOF metal clusters by cobalt ions is described for the first time. Specifically, different numbers of Co2+ ions have been incorporated during solvothermal crystallization into the Zn-based MOF-5 (IRMOF-1) framework, which is one of the most studied MOF materials. The amount of Zn that can be substituted seems to be limited, being no more than 25% of total metal content, that is, no more than one Co atom inside every metal cluster formed by four transition-metal ions, on average. Several characterization techniques, including X-ray diffraction, DR UV−visible spectroscopy, N2 adsorption isotherms, and thermogravimetrical analysis, strongly support the effective incorporation of Co into the material framework. As-synthesized CoMOF-5 has cobalt ions in octahedral coordination, changing to tetrahedral by simple evacuation, presumably by the removal of two diethylformamide molecules per Co ion. Moreover, the H2, CH4, and CO2 uptake of MOF-5 materials systematically increases with the Co content, particularly at high pressure. Such an increase is moderate anyway, considering that Co is incorporated into unexposed metal sites that are less accessible to gas molecules.