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Coadministration of iRGD with Multistage Responsive Nanoparticles Enhanced Tumor Targeting and Penetration Abilities for Breast Cancer Therapy

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posted on 2018-06-07, 00:00 authored by Chuan Hu, Xiaotong Yang, Rui Liu, Shaobo Ruan, Yang Zhou, Wei Xiao, Wenqi Yu, Chuanyao Yang, Huile Gao
Limited tumor targeting and poor penetration of nanoparticles are two major obstacles to improving the outcome of tumor therapy. Herein, coadministration of tumor-homing peptide iRGD and multistage-responsive penetrating nanoparticles for the treatment of breast cancer are reported. This multistage-responsive nanoparticle, IDDHN, was comprised of an NO donor-modified hyaluronic acid (HN) shell and a small-sized dendrimer, namely, dendri-graft-l-lysine conjugated with doxorubicin and indocyanine (IDD). The results showed that IDDHN could be degraded rapidly from about 330 nm to a smaller size that was in a size range of 35 to 150 nm (most at 35–60 nm) after hyaluronidase (HAase) incubation for 4 h; in vitro cellular uptake demonstrated that iRGD could mediate more endocytosis of IDDHN into 4T1 cells, which was attributed to the overexpression of αvβ3 integrin receptor. Multicellular spheroids penetration results showed synergistically enhanced deeper distribution of IDDHN into tumors, with the presence of iRGD, HAase incubation, and NO release upon laser irradiation. In vivo imaging indicated that coadministration with iRGD markedly enhanced the tumor targeting and penetration abilities of IDDHN. Surprisingly, coadministration of IDDHN with iRGD plus 808 nm laser irradiation nearly suppressed all tumor growth. These results systematically revealed the excellent potential of coadministration of iRGD with multistage-responsive nanoparticles for enhancing drug delivery efficiency and overcoming the 4T1 breast cancer.

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