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Co–Ni Alloy Nanoparticles on La-Doped SiO2 for Direct Ethanol Synthesis from Syngas

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journal contribution
posted on 25.10.2020, 19:43 by Jiaming Wang, Huixian Zhong, Kang An, Qiang Liu, Wu Jin, Yuan Liu
In this work, Ni–Co alloy nanoparticles (NPs) on La-doped SiO2 showed excellent selectivity toward ethanol for direct ethanol synthesis via CO hydrogenation. Over the catalyst with an optimal ratio of Ni/Co, the total alcohol selectivity reached 33.5%, of which ethanol occupied 47.0 wt %. The results demonstrated that the interaction between Co and Ni improved the ability to activate H2 and CO and adjusted the amount of the dissociatively and associatively adsorbed CO. Besides, the mutual dilution of nickel and cobalt in Ni–Co alloy NPs effectively reduced the isolated Co or Ni-clusters; thus, the formation of heavy hydrocarbons was suppressed. In the reaction process, Ni@Co–Co2C, a core–shell composite with a nickel core and Co–Co2C shell, was formed, which suppressed the loss of nickel species. Moreover, with the reaction going on, a small amount of poorly alloyed Co-clusters would be covered gradually by the formed coke, resulting in an increase in alcohol selectivity.