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Chitosan/Cellulose-Based Porous Nanofilm Delivering C‑Phycocyanin: A Novel Platform for the Production of Cost-Effective Cultured Meat

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journal contribution
posted on 29.06.2021, 19:36 authored by Sohyeon Park, Sungwon Jung, Jiwoong Heo, Won-Gun Koh, Sangmin Lee, Jinkee Hong
Cultured meat is artificial meat produced via the mass culture of cells without slaughtering livestock. In the production process of cultured meat, the mass proliferation for preparing abundant cells is a strenuous and time-consuming procedure requiring expensive and excess serum. Herein, C-phycocyanin (C-PC) extracted from blue algae was selected as a substitute for animal-derived serum and a polysaccharide film-based platform was developed to effectively deliver C-PC to myoblast while reducing the cost of cell medium. The polysaccharide platform has a sophisticated structure in which an agarose layer is capped on a porous multilayer film formed by molecular reassembly between chitosan and carboxymethylcellulose (CMC). The porous multilayer film provides an inner structure in which C-PC can be incorporated, and the agarose layer protects and stabilizes the C-PC. The completed platform was easily applied to a cell culture plate to efficiently release C-PC, thereby improving myoblast proliferation in a serum-reduced environment during long-term culture. We developed a cell sheet-based meat model using this polysaccharide platform to evaluate the improved cost-efficiency by the platform method in the mass proliferation of cells. This strategy and innovative technology can simplify the production system and secure price competitiveness to commercialize cultured meat.