American Chemical Society
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Chiral Tartaric Acid Improves Fracture Toughness of Bioactive Brushite–Collagen Bone Cements

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journal contribution
posted on 2020-07-16, 14:35 authored by Stylianos O. Sarrigiannidis, Hanan Moussa, Oana Dobre, Matthew J. Dalby, Faleh Tamimi, Manuel Salmeron-Sanchez
Brushite cements are promising bone regeneration materials with limited biological and mechanical properties. Here, we engineer a mechanically improved brushite–collagen type I cement with enhanced biological properties by use of chiral chemistry; d- and l-tartaric acid were used to limit crystal growth and increase the mechanical properties of brushite–collagen cements. The impact of the chiral molecules on the cements was examined with Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). A 3-point bend test was utilized to study the fracture toughness, and cell attachment and morphology studies were carried out to demonstrate biocompatibility. XRD and SEM analyses showed that l-, but not d-tartaric acid, significantly restrained brushite crystal growth by binding to the {010} plane of the mineral and increased brushite crystal packing and the collagen interaction area. l-Tartaric acid significantly improved fracture toughness compared to traditional brushite by 30%. Collagen significantly enhanced cell morphology and focal adhesion expression on l-tartaric acid-treated brushite cements.