American Chemical Society
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Chiral Phosphine Lewis Bases Catalyzed Asymmetric aza-Baylis−Hillman Reaction of N-Sulfonated Imines with Activated Olefins

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journal contribution
posted on 2005-03-23, 00:00 authored by Min Shi, Lian-Hui Chen, Chao-Qun Li
In the aza-Baylis−Hillman reaction of N-sulfonated imines (N-arylmethylidene-4-methylbenzenesulfonamides and others) with methyl vinyl ketone, ethyl vinyl ketone, and acrolein, we found that, in the presence of a catalytic amount of chiral phosphine Lewis base such as (R)-2‘-diphenylphosphanyl-[1,1‘]binaphthalenyl-2-ol LB1 (10 mol %) and molecular sieve 4A, the corresponding aza-Baylis−Hillman adducts could be obtained in good yields with good to high ee (70−95% ee) at low temperature (∼−30 to −20 °C) or at room temperature in THF, respectively. In CH2Cl2 upon heating at 40 °C, the aza-Baylis−Hillman reaction of N-sulfonated imines with phenyl acrylate or naphthyl acrylate gave the adducts in good to high yields (60−97%) with moderate ee (52−77%). The mechanistic insight has been investigated by 31P and 1H NMR spectroscopic measurements. The key enolate intermediate, which has been stabilized by intramolecular hydrogen bonding, has been observed by 31P and 1H NMR spectroscopy. An effective bifunctional Lewis base and Brønsted acid phosphine Lewis base system has been disclosed in this catalytic, asymmetric aza-Baylis−Hillman reaction.