Chiral N-Heterocyclic Carbene−Copper(I)-Catalyzed Asymmetric Allylic Arylation of Aliphatic Allylic Bromides: Steric and Electronic Effects on γ-Selectivity
journal contributionposted on 04.03.2011, 00:00 by Khalid B. Selim, Hirotsugu Nakanishi, Yasumasa Matsumoto, Yasutomo Yamamoto, Ken-ichi Yamada, Kiyoshi Tomioka
Chiral N-heterocyclic carbene ligands were electronically and sterically tuned to improve γ-selectivity in copper(I)-catalyzed asymmetric allylic arylation of aliphatic allylic bromides with several aryl Grignard reagents. High γ-selectivity was realized when either the aryl group of the Grignard reagent or the aryl group on the N-substituent of the carbene ligand was electron-deficient or when either the carbene ligand or allylic bromide was bulky. The results indicated that electron deficiency and steric hindrance of the initially formed σ-allyl copper intermediate enhance the rate of the reductive elimination to give γ-products as major isomers.