Chemical Compositions of the Essential Oils of the Aerial Parts of Chamaemelum mixtum (L.) Alloni
journal contributionposted on 15.02.2012, 00:00 by Florent Darriet, Mourad Bendahou, Jean Costa, Alain Muselli
The chemical compositions of the aerial parts essential oils of Chamaemelum mixtum (L.) Alloni from Corsica and Sardinia were investigated employing gas chromatography and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The structure of (Z)-heptadeca-9,16-dien-7-one, a natural compound not previously described, was elucidated by GC-MS (electron impact and chemical ionization) and one-dimensional and two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. The variation in C. mixtum essential oil was studied, and statistical analysis showed the clustering of oil samples into three groups according to the amount of oxygenated compounds; these groups correlated to the harvest area. The strong biological activity of the oxygenated fraction (minimum inhibitory concentration of <0.1 mg/mL) of the Corsican oil against Candida albicans, Citrobacter frendii, Enterococcus faecalis, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Listeria monocytogenes, and Staphyllococcus aureus can be attributed to the presence of irregular monoterpene alcohols and (Z)-heptadeca-9,16-dien-7-one.