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Charge Separation from an Intra-Moiety Intermediate State in the High-Performance PM6:Y6 Organic Photovoltaic Blend

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journal contribution
posted on 10.07.2020, 12:33 by Rui Wang, Chunfeng Zhang, Qian Li, Zhiguo Zhang, Xiaoyong Wang, Min Xiao
Bulk-heterojunction organic photovoltaic devices with nonfullerene acceptors (NFAs) exhibit efficient hole transfer with small interfacial energy offset, which results in power conversion efficiencies above 17% in single junction devices using the high-performance NFA of Y6. However, the underlying mechanism responsible for the hole transfer channel in the polymer/Y6 blends remains poorly understood. Herein, we report that the hole transfer channel of photocharge generation is mediated by an intra-moiety excited state in a blend of donor polymer PM6 and NFA Y6 using broadband transient absorption (TA) spectroscopy. By comparing the TA data recorded from the solution and film Y6 samples, we identify the ultrafast formation of an intra-moiety excimer state together with the conversion from the primary local excitation on a time scale of ∼0.2 ps in the Y6 film. The intra-moiety excimer state acts as the intermediate for the hole transfer channel, which dissociates into free polarons on a time scale of ∼15 ps in the PM6/Y6 blend at room temperature. The intra-moiety intermediate state, arising from the intermolecular coupling in Y6 domains, is markedly different from the interfacial charge transfer state, which is commonly accepted as the intermediate state for the electron transfer channel. These findings suggest that manipulating the interplay between intra-moiety and interfacial excited species can provide a promising route for further improving device performance.