Characterization of Starch in Cucurbita moschata Germplasms throughout Fruit Development
journal contributionposted on 27.08.2020, 20:45 by Hafiz Muhammad Khalid Abbas, He-Xun Huang, Yu-Fei Yang, Yuan-Heng Xie, Jian-Feng Zou, Shu-Dan Xue, Dong-Guang Song, Ting-Quan Wu, Jun-Xing Li, Yu-Juan Zhong
Pumpkins (Cucurbita moschata; Cucurbitaceae) are the rich source of nutrients and valued for their biologically active substances to be used for the treatment of several diseases. The contents, composition, and conformation of starch are the significant quality traits of C. moschata. Two germplasms were targeted for analysis regarding the taste difference. Results indicated that the total starch contents and amylose/amylopectin ratio were high in CMO-X as compared to CMO-E during each fruit development stage. Scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy observations revealed that smooth surface starch granules fused together to enhance the starch accumulation. For a comparison of fruit development in CMO-E and CMO-X, the putative pathway for starch metabolism was developed and homologs were identified for each key gene involved in the pathway. GBSS and SBE were correlated with the difference in the amylose/amylopectin ratio of CMO-E and CMO-X. Conclusively, the developmental regulation of genes associated with starch accumulation can be considered as an important factor for the determination of fruit quality.