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Characterization of Free and Bound Monoterpene Alcohols during Riesling Fermentation

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journal contribution
posted on 02.07.2021, 15:05 authored by Andrew J. Caffrey, Larry A. Lerno, Jerry Zweigenbaum, Susan E. Ebeler
The isomeric nature of monoterpenyl glycosides makes unambiguous identification of intact glycosides difficult. As a result, it is challenging to relate the changes in free monoterpenol concentrations to the corresponding glycosides during wine fermentation and storage. In this study, we isolated and identified linalool, nerol, and geraniol monoterpenyl glycosides fromVitis viniferacv. Riesling grapes through fractionation followed by acid or enzyme hydrolysis. Changes in the composition of identified monoterpenyl glycosides and their respective free volatiles were then monitored during alcoholic fermentations of Riesling juice with four different yeast strains across two successive years. The relative concentrations of the volatiles were monitored by solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography mass spectrometry, while ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry was used for intact glycosides. Glycoside hydrolysis during fermentation could be related to relative concentrations of the corresponding free aglycones. However, other sources of free monoterpenols were also observed. Differences in glycoside hydrolysis among yeast strains and across years were observed and may be related to grape maturity and/or nutrient levels.