American Chemical Society
je0c00213_si_001.pdf (491.39 kB)

Characterization of Fluid-Phase Behavior Using an Advanced Microwave Re-Entrant Cavity

Download (491.39 kB)
journal contribution
posted on 2020-06-10, 13:04 authored by Matthew G. Hopkins, Yvonne Leusmann, Markus Richter, Eric F. May, Paul L. Stanwix
To advance the thermodynamic models needed for many industrial processes, accurate measurements of fluid-phase behavior are essential. Therefore, we present a newly designed microwave re-entrant cavity apparatus to deliver improved phase-behavior measurements of pure and multicomponent fluids. The re-entrant geometry has spatially distinct resonant modes, which are used to determine the dielectric permittivity of the liquid and vapor phase and the liquid volume fraction (Λ). The first mode (fvac ≈ 320 MHz) is sensitive to small liquid volumes, the second (1.86 GHz) is sensitive to small vapor volumes, and the third (6.57 GHz) is sensitive to the interface location. At equilibrium, a system of three equations, one for each mode, allows for the dielectric permittivity of each phase and Λ to be determined from the measured resonant frequencies. The cavity’s suitability for solving this inverse problem was explored using finite element analysis and experiments with pure propane and pentane. A primary limitation of the method was the dependence of the mode-shape functions (Gn) on phase permittivities, which become measurable for high-frequency modes. We propose a solution to account for this dependence using finite element simulations that map the Gn surface as a function of Λ and the ratio of phase dielectric permittivities.