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Cauliflower-like Nickel with Polar Ni(OH)2/NiOxFy Shell To Decorate Copper Meshes for Efficient Oil/Water Separation

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journal contribution
posted on 2019-11-25, 13:35 authored by Zhi-Yong Luo, Shu-Shen Lyu, Dong-Chuan Mo
In recent years, superhydrophilic and underwater superoleophobic membranes have shown promising results in advanced oil/water separation. However, these membranes still have some drawbacks, like tedious preparation process and instability, which hinder their application in oil/water separation. Accordingly, the development of a facile approach to prepare superhydrophilic membranes with excellent oil/water separation performance is still coveted. Here, a copper mesh decorated with cauliflower-like nickel (Cu mesh@CF-Ni) is synthesized via a facile one-step electrodeposition method. Due to the surface polar −OH and −O–Ni–F groups of the Ni­(OH)2/NiOxFy shell of the cauliflower-like nickel (CF-Ni), this Cu mesh@CF-Ni displays superhydrophilic and underwater superoleophobic wettability. The results show that the Cu mesh@CF-Ni has excellent oil/water separation efficiency (higher than 99.2%) and ultrahigh water flux (around 20 L h–1 cm–2). Moreover, it also displays good stability in a 10 wt % NaCl solution and 1 M NaOH solution for oil/water separation. By introducing the CF-Ni with polar Ni­(OH)2/NiOxFy components onto the surface of the materials via a simple electrodeposition method, the materials will acquire the capability to not only achieve oil/water separation but also realize many other applications, like self-cleaning, underwater bubble manipulation, and fog harvesting.

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