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Cationic Metal–Organic Frameworks Based on Linear Zwitterionic Ligands for Cr2O72– and Ammonia Sensing

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journal contribution
posted on 02.04.2020, 10:29 by Zhiyuan Li, Wenyan Cai, Xiaoman Yang, Aling Zhou, Yi Zhu, Huan Wang, Xin Zhou, Kecai Xiong, Qingfu Zhang, Yanli Gai
A series of cationic lanthanide-based metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), {[Ln3(bcbp)3(NO3)7]·NO3·ClO4}n (Ln = Tb (1), Gd (2), Eu (3); H2bcbpCl2 = 1,1′-bis­(4-carboxyphenyl)­(4,4′-bipyridinium) dichloride), have been synthesized under solvothermal conditions and structurally characterized. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses reveal that compounds 13 are isostructural, in which Ln3-SBUs (SBUs = secondary building units) are connected with six adjacent Ln3-SBUs by six protonated bcbp ligands, leading to cationic lanthanide-based metal–organic frameworks. In addition, the counteranions (nitrate anions and perchlorate anions) reside in the frameworks via weak C–H···O hydrogen bonds. Furthermore, Eu-MOF displays strong red luminescence, which is further proven to be a highly selective and sensitive luminescent sensor toward Cr2O72– with a high quenching coefficient and low detection limit. Interestingly, Eu-MOF is also sensitive to ammonia and exhibits a rapid color change from yellow to blue-gray that can be distinguished by the naked eye when it is exposed to ammonia vapor. The UV–vis, IR, Raman, and EPR data reveal that the color change can be ascribed to an electron-transfer process and the radical generation caused by the nucleophilic attack of ammonia molecules.