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Catalytic Deoxygenation of Guaiacol Using Methane

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journal contribution
posted on 02.11.2015, 00:00 by Yang Xiao, Arvind Varma
Guaiacol, produced by thermal degradation of lignin, represents a model compound for upgrading of fast pyrolysis bio-oils by deoxygenation. In our prior work, with Pt/C catalyst, such a process using H2 was studied. To overcome the high cost of H2, methane is used in this work to deoxygenate guaiacol. On Pt/C catalyst, in terms of guaiacol conversion and product distribution, methane is found to exhibit as good deoxygenation performance as H2. The lifetime of this catalyst, however, is short (<3 h). The lifetime of Pt–Bi/C catalyst is extended (no significant deactivation in 5 h), by addition of bismuth as a promoter. This work provides a new approach for bio-oil upgrading using methane as a reductant instead of hydrogen.