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Catalytic Asymmetric Oxidation of tert-Butyl Disulfide. Synthesis of tert-Butanesulfinamides, tert-Butyl Sulfoxides, and tert-Butanesulfinimines

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posted on 1998-07-31, 00:00 authored by Derek A. Cogan, Guangcheng Liu, Kyungjin Kim, Bradley J. Backes, Jonathan A. Ellman
The first example of the catalytic asymmetric oxidation of tert-butyl disulfide (1) is described. The product, tert-butyl tert-butanethiosulfinate (2) is obtained with 91% enantiomeric excess in yields of ≥92% on scales as large as 1 mol. The application of H2O2 as stoichiometric oxidant in the presence of 0.25 mol % of VO(acac)2 and 0.26 mol % of a chiral Schiff base ligand, 6a, is both convenient and cost-effective. Thiosulfinate ester 2 is chemically and optically stable and serves as an excellent precursor to chiral tert-butanesulfinyl compounds by the stereospecific nucleophilic displacement of tert-butyl thiolate. Addition of LiNH2 in liquid ammonia and THF provides tert-butanesulfinamide (3; 91% yield). A single recrystallization provides enantiomerically pure 3 in 71−75% overall yield from disulfide 1. Enantiomerically pure thiosulfinate ester 2 also reacts readily and stereospecifically with Grignard reagents, organolithiums, lithium amides, and lithium imine salts to provide enantiomerically pure chiral sulfoxides, sulfinamides, and sulfinimines in good yield.

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