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Catalyst-Free Growth of Quasi-Aligned Nanorods of Single Crystal Cu3Mo2O9 and Their Catalytic Properties

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journal contribution
posted on 02.02.2009, 00:00 by W. G. Chu, H. F. Wang, Y. J. Guo, L. N. Zhang, Z. H. Han, Q. Q. Li, S. S. Fan
We propose a simple and catalyst-free method to grow quasi-aligned single crystalline Cu3Mo2O9 nanorods in terms of a mechanism differing from the conventional vapor−solid (VS) and vapor−liquid−solid (VLS) ones for chemical vapor deposition (CVD) methods by directly heating Cu foils in a mixed atmosphere of MoO3 vapor and air. High quality Cu3Mo2O9 nanorods can be simply grown in a temperature range from 450 to 550 °C whose diameter, length, and distribution density are dependent on both heating temperature and time. Interestingly, the growth rate at 550 °C drops significantly after 6 h. All nanorods grow along the [010] direction. On the basis of a proposed growth model, the nucleation of Cu3Mo2O9 nanorods is believed to be governed by formation of initial polycrystalline CuxO protuberances with nanoscale diameters on Cu foils which may act as growth “templates”. This novel method can be applied to grow other similar tertiary transition metal oxide nanostructures on substrates with large sizes. Most importantly, these Cu3Mo2O9 nanorods decrease the ignition temperature of Printex U model soot from 600 to 438 °C, being in between 200 and 450 °C of the exhaust of diesel-powered combustion engines, which are therefore expected to be a potential efficient and environmentally friendly catalyst for diesel exhaust combustion.