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Cascade π‑Extended Decarboxylative Annulation Involving Cyclic Diaryliodonium Salts: Site-Selective Synthesis of Phenanthridines and Benzocarbazoles via a Traceless Directing Group Strategy

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journal contribution
posted on 27.11.2019, 13:36 by Zenghui Ye, Yong Li, Kai Xu, Na Chen, Fengzhi Zhang
A novel cascade π-extended decarboxylative annulation (PEDA) involved with cyclic diaryliodonium salts is described. Via fine-tuning of the reaction conditions, the Pd­(II)-catalyzed site-selective N1/C2 or C2/C3 annulation of commercially available indole-2-carboxylic acids can be achieved, affording valuable phenanthridines or benzocarbazoles, respectively. The key strategy is the carboxylic acid functionality being employed as both a traceless directing group for the ortho C–N or C–C coupling and a reactive group for the cascade π-extended decarboxylative annulation in a highly step economical manner.