American Chemical Society
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Carrier Management via Integrating InP Quantum Dots into Electron Transport Layer for Efficient Perovskite Solar Cells

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journal contribution
posted on 2022-08-29, 16:07 authored by Jinpeng Wu, Ming-Hua Li, Yan Jiang, Qiaoling Xu, Lede Xian, Haodan Guo, Jing Wan, Rui Wen, Yanyan Fang, Dongmei Xie, Yan Lei, Jin-Song Hu, Yuan Lin
Metal oxides are the most efficient electron transport layers (ETLs) in perovskite solar cells (PSCs). However, issues related to the bulk (i.e., insufficient electron mobility, unfavorable energy level position) and interface of metal oxide/perovskite (detrimental surface hydroxyl groups) limit the transport kinetics of photoinduced electrons and prevent PSCs from unleashing their theoretical efficiency potential. Herein, the inorganic InP colloid quantum dots (CQDs) with outstanding electron mobility (4600 cm2 V–1 s–1) and carboxyl (−COOH) terminal ligands were uniformly distributed into the metal oxide ETL to form consecutive electron transport channels. The hybrid InP CQD-based ETL demonstrates a more N-type characteristic with more than 3-fold improvement in electron mobility. The formation of the Sn–O–In bond facilitates electron extraction due to suitable energy level alignment between the ETL and perovskite. The strong interaction between uncoordinated Pb2+ at the perovskite/ETL interface and the −COO in the ligand of InP CQDs reduces the density of defects in perovskite. As a result, the hybrid InP CQD-based ETL with an optimized InP ratio (18 wt %) boosts the power conversion efficiency of PSCs from 22.38 to 24.09% (certified efficiency of 23.43%). Meanwhile, the device demonstrates significantly improved photostability and atmospheric storage stability.