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Calorimetric Markers of Bence Jones and Nonsecretory Multiple Myeloma Serum Proteome

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posted on 2014-12-16, 00:00 authored by Svetla Todinova, Sashka Krumova, Ralitsa Radoeva, Lidia Gartcheva, Stefka G. Taneva
The present work provides a thermodynamic description of blood serum from patients diagnosed with Bence Jones myeloma (BJMM) and nonsecretory myeloma (NSMM) by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), serum protein electrophoresis, and free light chain assay. Specific alterations in the thermodynamic behavior of both BJMM and NSMM proteome have been revealed. On the basis of the transition temperature of the main transition in the calorimetric profiles and the shape similarity criterion, we defined BJMM and NSMM sets/subsets of thermograms with very similar thermodynamic features. We show that some of the BJMM and NSMM subsets correlate with previously defined secretory myeloma subsets (Todinova et al. Anal. Chem. 2011, 83, 7992). The established analogies strongly suggest that common molecular markers contribute to the calorimetric profiles of the different, secretory and nonsecretory, myeloma types; our data show robust evidence that these are ligands stabilizing the major serum proteins. We demonstrate that the DSC approach might be highly beneficial, especially for NSMM patients, since the characteristic modifications in the DSC profiles might serve as calorimetric markers when no monoclonal proteins can be detected in the bloodstream and the diagnosis heavily relies on invasive methods.

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