American Chemical Society
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CYP82AR Subfamily Proteins Catalyze C‑1′ Hydroxylations of Deoxyshikonin in the Biosynthesis of Shikonin and Alkannin

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journal contribution
posted on 2021-03-17, 13:34 authored by Wan Song, Yibin Zhuang, Tao Liu
Shikonin and S-enantiomer alkannin are important naphthoquinone derivatives present in many Boraginaceae species. We report that cytochrome P450 monooxygenases (CYPs) from a new CYP82AR subfamily catalyzed hydroxylations of deoxyshikonin at C-1′ position of isoprenoid side chain. Two homologues were discovered from each species of the four Boraginaceae plants. One CYP preferred converting deoxyshikonin into shikonin, and the other stereoselectively hydroxylated deoxyshikonin into alkannin. The discovery might be a general feature of shikonin/alkannin-producing Boraginaceae plants.