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CRISPR/Cas12a-Assisted Ligation-Initiated Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (CAL-LAMP) for Highly Specific Detection of microRNAs

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journal contribution
posted on 27.05.2021, 01:22 by Mai Zhang, Honghong Wang, Hui Wang, Fangfang Wang, Zhengping Li
Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) has been increasingly applied in nucleic acid detection for clinical diagnosis and monitoring pathogenic microorganisms due to its isothermal nature and high sensitivity. However, the false-positive signal resulting from the non-specific amplification and the complexity of primer design are still technically challenging for wide applications. In this paper, we developed the CRISPR/Cas12a-assisted sequence-specific detection of LAMP products to eliminate the effect of non-specific amplification from primer dimers and spurious amplicons. Moreover, by designing a pair of target-specific stem-loop DNA probes, we greatly simplified the primer design for LAMP. The DNA probes could be ligated to form a double-stem-loop DNA template by the detected target, which initiated LAMP reaction and achieved one-nucleotide resolution due to the highly specific ligase reaction. Using microRNAs (miRNAs) as the model targets, the CRISPR/Cas12a-assisted ligation-initiated loop-mediated isothermal amplification (CAL-LAMP) can sensitively detect as low as 0.1 fM miRNAs with high specificity.